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mRvdelmTavrebi

mRvdelmTavrebi

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Published by Zviad Devdariani

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Published by: Zviad Devdariani on Mar 25, 2012
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03/25/2012

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winaTqma
 XX saukune saqarTvelos marTlmadidebeli samociqulo eklesiisaTvismravalmxriv mniSvnelovani da gamorCeulia. saukunis dasawyisSi ruseTiseklesiis nawilad qceulma qarTulma samwysom gaaZliera brZola iZulebiTwarTmeuli avtokefaliis aRsadgenad. es brZola iyo Seupovari daukompromiso, rac gamarjvebiT dagvirgvinda... 1917 wlis 12(25) martsmcxeTaSi, sveticxovlis sapatriarqo taZarSi sazeimod gamocxaddasaqarTvelos marTlmadidebeli samociqulo eklesiis avtokefaliisaRdgena. saqarTvelos eklesiis avtokefaliisaTvis brZolis moTaveTagan 9mRvdelmTavars ergo pativi amaRlebuliyo sruliad saqarTveloskaTolikos-patriarqobamde. avtori Seecada gamoqveynebuli dagamouqveynebeli masalebis Sejerebis safuZvelze warmoeCina XX saukunisada XXI saukunis dasawyisis qarTveli mRvdelmTavrebis istoriuliportretebi. XX saukunis dasawyisSi, egzarqosebis mmarTvelobis drossaqarTveloSi moqmedi iyo oTxi eparqia, 1917 wels pirvelma saeklesiokrebam daadgina 13 eparqiis aRdgena, romelsac 1925 wels daemata 2. 1990-ianwlebamde moqmedi iyo 15 eparqia. 1995 wels wmida sinodis ganCinebiTeparqiaTa raodenoba gaizarda 27-mde, 2010 wels _ 37-mde. 1917-1978 wlebSisaqarTvelos marTlmadidebel samociqulo eklesiaSi arsebobdaepiskoposis da mitropolitis xarisxi. 1978 wels uwmidesisa da unetaresis,sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqis ilia II-is locva-kurTxeviTsaqarTvelos samociqulo eklesiaSi aRsdga mTavarepiskoposis xarisxi.qarTveli mRvdelmTavrebis istoriuli portretebi srulyofili veriqneba, avtori madlierebiT miiRebs yvela samarTlian SeniSvnas. SendobasviTxovT uneblie SecdomebisaTvis.avtori
XX-XXI saukuneebis saqarTvelo
 sruldeboda XIX saukune, rodesac ilia WavWavaZem qarTvel ers mouwoda,fxizlad iyaviT, is, rac xmliT mosulma mterma ver wagvarTva saukuneTamanZilze, axla Wkua-gonebiT da moxerxebiT mosuli wagvarTmevs, Tu masWkua-goneba, sifrTxile ar davupirispireT. ilia WavWavaZem, rogorc`RmerTTan molaparake~ eris Wirisufalma zustad dainaxa XX saukunisrTuli momavali.XX saukunis dasawyisSi qarTveli eris winaSe kvlav mwvaved idga erTianierovnul-saxelmwifoebrivi da eklesiuri Tavisuflebis idealebi.sazogadoebrivi cxovrebis asparezze kvlav mxned idgnen saxelovaniTergdaleulebi: ilia WavWavaZe, akaki wereTeli, iakob gogebaSvili, vaJa-fSavela, niko nikolaZe _ romelTa dauRalavi RvawliT qarTvelobamaRidgina dacemuli meoba, erovnuli Rirsebis grZnoba da garusebisakenbrZola samSoblos TavisuflebisaTvis brZoliT Secvala. `mamuli,sarwmunoeba, ena~ am droSis qveS iyvnen gaerTianebulni amer-imerni, magramXIX saukunis 90-ian wlebidan sazogadoebriv asparezze gamosuli axaliTaoba `mesame daseleni~ Tvlidnen, rom samSoblo, patriotizmi undaSeecvalaT internacionalizmiT da msoflio moqalaqeobiT. erovnuli
 
Tavisuflebis idea _ socialuri Tavisuflebis ideiT. XX saukunisdasawyisis saqarTveloSi TandaTan mkvidrdeboda brZola zneobrivinormebis gareSe. sazogadoebriv-politikuri viTarebis aseTi sirTulismiuxedavad 1905 wels qarTveli samRvdeloeba mainc Seikriba TbilisSi,veris wmida nikolozis eklesiis ezoSi da xangrZlivi debatebis Semdeg 412sasuliero piris xelmoweriT miiRo peticia ruseTis imperator nikolozII-sadmi, peticiis avtorebi kategoriulad moiTxovdnen ruseTis saero dasasuliero xelisuflebisagan ukanonod warTmeuli saqarTvelossamociqulo eklesiis avtokefaliis aRdgenas, rus egzarqosTa nacvladsruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqis mmarTvelobis dawesebas.peticiaze xelis momwerni sasuliero pirebi saeklesio droSebiTa da jvar-xatebiT golovinis (rusTavelis) prospeqtze gamovidnen. maT surdaTpeticia mierTmiaT mefisnacval voroncov-daSkovisaTvis. rodesac es ambavisaqarTvelos egzarqosma mTavarepiskoposma aleqsim (oprocki), Seityosaswrafod daukavSirda Tbilisis policiis ufross, gamoiTxova kazakebida maTraxebiT acemina sasuliero pirebi... es ambavi gaxmaurda ara martoruseTis imperiaSi, aramed mTel msoflioSi, xelisuflebam ukan daixia. 1906wlis ianvarSi peterburgSi dainiSna ruseTis eklesiis wmida sinodissxdoma, sadac unda ganexilaT, ramdenad kanonieri iyo qarTveli xalxismoTxovna saqarTvelos eklesiis avtokefaliis aRdgenis Sesaxeb. sxdomebze,romelic mwvave debatebis fonze mimdinareobda, saqarTvelos samociquloeklesiis avtokefaliis aRdgenis aucileblobaze saubrobdnen profesorebi:niko mari, aleqsandre xaxanaSvili, aleqsandre cagareli, episkoposebi:kirioni (saZagliSvili), leonide (oqropiriZe). magram ruseTis saero dasasuliero xelisuflebam miuReblad miiCnia qarTveli xalxis moTxovna.1906 wels TbilisSi axal egzarqosad moavlina Tavisi reaqciuliSexedulebebiT cnobili mTavarepiskoposi nikoni (sofiski), daiwyoqarTveli avtokefalisti sasuliero pirebis devna-Seviwroeba. samSoblodangadaasaxles da policiis mkacri meTvalyureoba dauweses episkoposkirions, arqimandrit ambrosis, gaZlierda reaqcia, terori. 1907 wlis 30agvistos wiwamurTan mokles ilia WavWavaZe. erTmaneTs daemTxva ruseTisimperiuli Zalebisa da qarTuli gvar-saxelis mqone gadagvarebuli social-demokratebis interesebi. ilia WavWavaZis mkvlelobiT unda daesamarebinaTsaqarTvelos erovnuli da eklesiuri Tavisuflebis idea... 1914-1918 wlebSimimdinareobda pirveli msoflio omi, saqarTvelo kavkasiis frontispirazonad gamocxadda. ekonomikuri krizisi, adamianTa msxverpli, somexTagenocidi osmaleTSi da iqidan gamoqceulTa damkvidreba qarTul miwa-wyalze... 1917 wlis 25 Tebervali. ruseTis imperiaSi Seqmnili rTulipolitikuri da ekonomikuri viTarebis gamo imperatori nikoloz IItaxtidan gadadga. 1917 wlis 12(25) marts qarTveli samRvdeloeba mcxeTaSiSeikriba, gadaixada ruseTis imperiaSi mSvidobisaTvis samadlobeliparaklisi, wirvis dasasruls ki guria-odiSis episkoposma leonidemwaikiTxa am dRisaTvis sagangebod gasanTlul etratze dawerili teqsti:`+CSiz welsa, martis ib dResa, mcxeTis wmidaTa aTormetTa mociqulTasruliad saqarTvelos sakaTalikoso taZarsa Sina, dResa kvirikesa,SemovkrbiT Cven, sruliad saqarTvelos eklesiis mwyemsTmTavarni,samRvdeloni krebulni da erisagan warmomadgenelni, da, SemdgomadliturRiisa da keTildReobisaTvis axlisa mTavrobisa savedreblis
 
paraklisis Sesrulebisa, gulisxma vyavT saxelmwifosa Sina ruseTisasamomxdarni ZiriTadni cvlilebani da axlisa mTavrobisa dafuZnebai, egreTvesaxelmZRvaneloni debulebani ama mTavrobisani, sakuTriv mis miersinidisisa da sarwmunoebis Tavisuflebisa aRsarebai (muxli 3). amasTanaveganvbWeT, viTarmed: a) eklesiasa qarTvelTasa aqunda, Tanaxmad msofliokrebaTa kanonebisa, avtokefaluri arsebobai, romlisa mospobai anugauqmebai aravis Zaledva, Tvinier msoflio krebisa, garna mas Sina sruliadarakanoniurad Sewyvetil iqmna avtokefaluri marTva-gamgeobai; b) ruseTsaSina damyarda axali saxe saxelmwifois marTva-gamgeobisai da mas aRarSeesabamebis qarTvelTa eklesiisa uflebaSeCerebulad yofnai; amisTvisuciloblad vscaniT da erTxmad da erTsulad ganvaCineT:a) amieriTgan aRdgenilad CaiTvalos saqarTvelosa Sina avtokefalurisaeklesio mmarTvelobai; xolo, vidre kanonierad aRirCeodes kaTalikosisaqarTvelois eklesiisai, mosaydred misa dainiSnos yovladsamRdeloleonide, guria-samegrelois episkoposi, da masTan, gansagebelad eklesiisa,dawesdes droebiTi mmarTvelobai saqarTvelois eklesiisai, sasulieroTada saeroTa pirTagan Semdgari.b) vinaiTgan saqarTvelo qvakuTxedad Tvisisa arsebobisa aRiarebssrulsa solidarobas ruseTisa axalsa mTavrobasa Tana, ganCinebai eseecnobos mTavrobis Tavmjdomares ufals roZiankos, ministrTa sabWosTavmjdomares Tavads lvovs, sinodis oberprokurors ufals lvovs dakavkasiis komisariats-tfilisSi.xels aweren:1. imereTis episkoposi giorgi2. antoni _ episkoposi gorisa3. piros alaverdeli4. ioane naTlismcemlis udabnos winamZRvari, nazari arqimandriti5. dekanozi markoz tyemalaZe6. dekanozi kalistrate cincaZe7. dekanozi korneli kekeliZe8. ipolite petres Ze varTagava9. antoni ivanes Ze natroSvili10. solomon iasonis Ze axvlediani11. petre svimonis Ze baraTaSvili12. dekanozi nikita malaqias Ze TalaqvaZe13. vasil zaqarias Ze barnovi14. daviT giorgis Ze naxucriSvili15. Tedo saxokia16. mRvdeli vasil karbelaSvili17. diakoni timoTe bakuraZe18. daviT aleqsis Ze daviTaSvili19. sergi romanis Ze gorgaZe20. mRvdeli qristefore cicqiSvili21. mRvdeli lazare naTiZe22. ioseb giorgis Ze ivaniZe23. vasil aleqsandres Ze abaSiZe24. evdokia zaqarias asuli xarebaSvili25. petre grigolis Ze mirianaSvili

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